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The absence of African-American students and faculty at A&M prior to 1963 is a product of the policy of "separate but equal." This fallacy is exemplified by the development of A&M for "whites" and Prairie View (PV) for Blacks. Though the two schools opened within three years of each other, their respective developments are like night and day. PV lagged far behind A&M and The University of Texas (UT), despite the fact that it was the only state-supported institution of higher learning for African-Americans prior to 1947.

The national developments to end racial segregation-bolstered by the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. The Board of Education in 1954, which ruled that separate but equal was unconstitutional-soon overran attempts to maintain segregation in Southern states. By 1950, African-Americans had gained entry into the UT Law School and its Medical Branch, thus beginning the end of segregated education in Texas.

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